Bad negatives

>>Anthonyms exist, they are words opposite to each other. Some anthonyms are made as simple negations of their positives - all those words prefixed with un-, dis-, non- etc. In serbian, they are mostly made with ne-, but there are others too. The purpose of this collection is to gather as many of wrong anthonyms, where the negative is not the opposite of its positive, but of something else, or when the positive is not a word in the language (which I'll mark with „--“).

last refreshed 10-06-2021 08:37:12 AM

(enough of this, get me back)

negative
means
positive
means
besplatni
free (as in beer)
platni
related to payments
bespomoćni
helpless
pomoćni
auxilliary
bezazlen
harmless
--
the negative actually means „without evil“, and there's no word which would include a „with“
bezbedan
safe, secure
bedan
miserable
bezvredan
worthless
vredan
diligent
nedonošče
prematurely born, literally „not brought to“
--
there's no particular word for the regular, brough-to-term, baby
nedužan
innocent, not guilty
dužan
owing, in debt
negodovati
to express disagreement or discontent
--
„godovati“ has no meaning
nemilice
relentlessly, incessantly
--
„mio“ is dear; now how did this adverb come to be from the negation of that is... something to explore
nepodopština
escapade, gaffe, acting indecently
--
unless we count „opština“ (municipality)
nepogoda
bad weather or other natural mishap
--
„pogoda“ means „weather“ in russian, nothing in serbian
neprilika
trouble
prilika
chance, occasion
nestašica
shortage
--
„stašica“ could theoretically be a nickname for Staša, which is sometimes a nickname for Stanislav(a)
nestati
to vanish, disappear
stati
to stop
netrag
word exists only in the phrase „netragom nestao“ - vanished by untrace, i.e. without a trace; this is actually a real negative which doesn't quite exist, „netrag“ is not a word you may find anywhere outside this phrase
trag
trace, trail
neugledan
shabby looking, nondescript
ugledan
with nice reputation, famous in circles
neumoran
unfatiguable
umoran
tired
neurolog
neurologist
urolog
urologist
nevernica
unfaitful wife or mistress
vernica
a female religious person; the male pair (vernik/nevernik) is not a false negative, it does mean believer/unbeliever)
neverovatnan
incredible
verovatan
probable
nevolja
trouble
volja
the will, the willingness
nevreme
bad weather, storm
vreme
weather, time
nezgodan
troublesome, hard to handle
zgodan
cute, good looking, handsome
nezgrapan
unwieldy
--
„zgrapan“ is not a word